During the 72nd United Nations General Assembly, held in New York on September 12- September 25, 2017, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif raised the issue of non-acceptance of the nuclear agreement by the United States of America.
He discussed on the future of the nuclear agreement with US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson along with other five signatories of the agreement (Great Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia). During the meeting, all representatives of the signatory countries agreed that Iran technically meets all the criteria imposed by the agreement, except for Tillerson, who said that the US believes Iran does not meet the expectations of the agreement. During a speech in the General Assembly, President Donald Trump described the agreement as a “shame”, noting that he had made a decision that he would not yet make it public.
After the meeting, the European Union High Representative Federica Mogherini said that there is no need to reopen the agreement because it works at full capacity and that this agreement has prevented both a nuclear program and a military intervention, and this should not be lost sight it.
The deadline for the United States to decide whether Iran complies with the provisions of the agreement or not was on October 15. If it fails to meet the criteria, the sanctions withdrawn after the entry into force of the agreement will be reintroduced within 60 days.
The Iranian President Hasan Rohani stated during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly, in response to his US counterpart, that the Iranian people are rejecting atomic weapons, and the destruction of this agreement by “newcomers into the political world” would be a great loss.
The international community implemented the nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5 + 1 group on July 15, 2015, signed it in Vienna. Back then, the Obama administration said that this agreement would prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. By January 2016, Iran reduced the number of centrifuges installed at Natanz and Fordo, the two uranium enrichment plants. According to the agreement, research and development activities will take place only at Natanz, with a limitation of 8 years. No activity for this purpose will be possible at Fordo for 15 years, and the underground facility will be transformed into a nuclear, physics and technological centre.