South Korea’s outlook in Central Asia

Paula Pop The Korean presence in the Central Asian region started in the nineteenth  century when as a consequence of poor harvest and famine on the Korean peninsula, thousands of Koreans fled to work and earn a better living to Russia. Later, during the Soviet time, this minority ended up being deported by Stalin toContinue reading “South Korea’s outlook in Central Asia”

A framework for Black Sea Collaboration: BSEC

Alexandra Colcer Since ancient times, the Black Sea has been considered a geopolitical hotspot due to its strategic position connecting Europe and Asia. Moreover, the basin is also linked to the Azov Sea through the Kerch Strait, the Marmara Sea through the Bosphorus and the Aegean Sea and therefore the Mediterranean Sea through the DardanellesContinue reading “A framework for Black Sea Collaboration: BSEC”


Andrei Alexandru Babadac International scientific cooperation is a fundamental element in achieving development objectives which are too far fetched for the reach of a single country. As a member of the European Union, Romania is actively engaged in promoting research, particularly in the development of the ELI-NP project, at similar levels with Czechia and Hungary.Continue reading “THE ROLE OF SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT”


Cristian Istrate Kazakhstan is one of the former Soviet states in search of their own identity after 1991 and a rediscovery of a road leading to an accelerated development. A crucial opportunity for this country comes from China and its The New Silk Road project. The aim of this initiative is to strengthen and improve theContinue reading “KAZAKHSTAN IN THE ERA OF DIGITALIZATION”

Ethnic Nationalism: a barrier for Central Asian cooperation

Bianca Cristina Pârvu The Central Asian region, which includes Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, incorporates in its structure a large number of different ethnic groups scattered throughout the territory. Due to the area’s long history of tribalism, changing geopolitical influences, border demarcation woes and competition among local groups, Central Asia’s development was consistently slowedContinue reading “Ethnic Nationalism: a barrier for Central Asian cooperation”


Andrei Babadac INTRODUCTION The years after World War 2 saw a transformation of the conflict among the developed countries, moving steadfastly from a military to an economic race. Being confronted with the new realities, France had to move forward from a vast colonial empire to a world where it could no longer play a primeContinue reading “AN ASSESMENT OF THE FRENCH SYSTEM FOR ECONOMIC INTELLIGENCE”


Cristian Istrate Uzbekistan is one of the most relevant states in Central Asia as it plays a pivotal role in regional affairs. First, it has a central position, which means it is bordered by all the other countries from the region. Also, Uzbekistan is the second largest state from the region and the first inContinue reading “UZBEKISTAN’S PROGRESS IN THE TECHNOLOGICAL FIELD”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 6

Alexandra Colcer Corridor 6 connects Europe and the Middle East with South Asia (Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan). It unfolds from North to South, linking the Russian Federation with Iranian and Pakistani ports. Corridor 6a includes both road and rail routes, and links the northwest coast of the Caspian Sea to the GwadarContinue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 6”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 5

Raluca Şancariuc Corridor 5 connects East Asia with the Middle East and South Asia. It starts from THE Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in People’s Republic of China and continues in the Kyrgyz Republic passing through Yierkeshitan (China) – Irkeshtam (Kyrgyzstan) border crossing point, from where it advances towards the Republic of Tajikistan through Karamyk (Kyrgyzstan)Continue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 5”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 4

Alexandra Colcer Corridor 4 connects the Russian Federation with East Asia, more specifically with Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Mongolia, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in People’s Republic of China. o Corridor 4a connects the city of Urumqi in North-West of China with the Russian Federation via West Mongolia. The border crossing points are Takeshikent (China)Continue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 4”