Cristian Istrate Kazahstanul este unul dintre fostele state sovietice aflate în căutarea propriei identități în era post-URSS și conturarea unui drum către o dezvoltare accelerată. O astfel de  oportunitate esențială vine din partea Chinei și a proiectului său – Noul Drum al Mătăsii. Scopul acestei inițiative este consolidarea și îmbunătățirea conectivităților comerciale dintre China și alteContinue reading “KAZAHSTAN ÎN ERA DIGITALIZĂRII”


Cristian Istrate Kazakhstan is one of the former Soviet states in search of their own identity after 1991 and a rediscovery of a road leading to an accelerated development. A crucial opportunity for this country comes from China and its The New Silk Road project. The aim of this initiative is to strengthen and improve theContinue reading “KAZAKHSTAN IN THE ERA OF DIGITALIZATION”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 6

Alexandra Colcer Corridor 6 connects Europe and the Middle East with South Asia (Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan). It unfolds from North to South, linking the Russian Federation with Iranian and Pakistani ports. Corridor 6a includes both road and rail routes, and links the northwest coast of the Caspian Sea to the GwadarContinue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 6”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 5

Raluca Şancariuc Corridor 5 connects East Asia with the Middle East and South Asia. It starts from THE Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in People’s Republic of China and continues in the Kyrgyz Republic passing through Yierkeshitan (China) – Irkeshtam (Kyrgyzstan) border crossing point, from where it advances towards the Republic of Tajikistan through Karamyk (Kyrgyzstan)Continue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 5”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 4

Alexandra Colcer Corridor 4 connects the Russian Federation with East Asia, more specifically with Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Mongolia, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in People’s Republic of China. o Corridor 4a connects the city of Urumqi in North-West of China with the Russian Federation via West Mongolia. The border crossing points are Takeshikent (China)Continue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 4”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 3

Raluca Şancariuc Corridor 3 connects the Russian Federation with the Middle East and South Asia, passing through the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan. It starts from the border crossing point at Veseloyarsk (Russia) – Aul (Kazakhstan) and continues alongContinue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 3”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 2

Alexandra Colcer Corridor 2 is the longest CAREC corridor, linking East Asia with the Caucasus, the Mediterranean and Southern Europe. It crosses Georgia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Republic of Tajikistan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the People’s Republic of China (PRC):Continue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 2”

The CAREC Programme: Corridor 1

Raluca Şancariuc Corridor 1 connects Europe with East Asia, linking the border of the Russian Federation with the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the People’s Republic of China, through the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic: Corridor 1a includes both a road and a railway transport route, linking Alashankou city in China with Kazakhstan viaContinue reading “The CAREC Programme: Corridor 1”

The CAREC Programme: what is it and what are its goals

Raluca Şancariuc The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program (CAREC) was founded in 2001 with the aim of supporting the development of states in this region by encouraging cooperation between them. The Program involves implementing applied, results-oriented regional projects focused on poverty reduction and economic growth, while it also facilitates policy initiatives. CAREC includes 11Continue reading “The CAREC Programme: what is it and what are its goals”

Central Asian Armies: Russian made weapons and Kazakhstan – Russia relations

The present Central Asian states Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, formed part of former Soviet Republic. The republics served as raw material suppliers to the Russian industrial centers. Thus, the agriculture and natural resources have always been the economic basis of development. These countries face a broad spectrum of threats based on their peculiaritiesContinue reading “Central Asian Armies: Russian made weapons and Kazakhstan – Russia relations”